Officially the Republic of Armenia is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
The Armenian language is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenian people. It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia as well as in the region of Nagorno-Karabakh. The language is also widely spoken by Armenian communities in the Armenian diaspora. It has its own script, the Armenian alphabet, and is of interest to linguists for its distinctive phonological developments within Indo-European.
Armenia approved Christianity as the state religion as early as 301 AD, long before the other countries were officially converted. The Armenian Apostolic Church is one of the ancient Christian churches. St. Gregory the Illuminator was announced the first Patriarch and Catholicos of all Armenians in 302 AD.
Armenian people or Armenians are a nation and ethnic group native to the Armenian Highland.
Armenia is often denoted to as a sunny country. Its climate varieties from dry subtropical to cold. The average temperature is +25 C in July and -5 C in January. The mountain peaks are covered with lasting snow, while their slopes are lined by alpine meadows. The best time to visit Armenia is spring and autumn. Temperatures in Armenia generally depend upon elevation. Evening breezes blowing down the mountains provide a welcome refreshing and cooling effect. Springs are short, while falls are long. Autumns are known for their lively and colorful foliage.
Historical Armenian monasteries and churches
Geghard The monastery of Geghard is a unique architectural construction in the Kotayk province of Armenia, being partially carved out of the adjacent mountain, surrounded by cliffs. While the main chapel was built in 1215, the monastery complex was founded in the 4th century by Gregory the Illuminator at the site of a sacred spring inside a cave. The monastery had thus been originally named Ayrivank, meaning "the Monastery of the Cave". The remarkable towering cliffs surrounding the monastery are part of the Azat river gorge, and are included together with the monastery in the World Heritage Site listing. Some of the churches within the monastery complex are totally dug out of the cliff rocks, others are little more than caves, while others are decorative structures, with both architecturally complex walled sections and rooms deep inside the cliff. The combination, together with numerous engraved and free-standing khachkars is a unique sight, being one of the most frequented tourist destinations in Armenia.Most visitors to Geghard also choose to visit the nearby Garni temple, a Parthenon-like structure situated further down the Azat river. Visiting both sites in one trip is so mutual that they are often mentioned to in unison as Garni-Geghard.
Saint Hripsimé Church
Tatev is a 9th century Armenian monastery located in the Tatev village in Syunik Province in southern Armenia. The term "Tatev" usually denotes to the monastery. It stands on a plateau on the edge of the deep gorge of the Orotan (Vorotan) River. It became the district seat of Syunik and played a important role in the history of the region as a centre for economic, political, spiritual and cultural activity.In the 14th and 15th centuries Tatev Monastery presented one of the most important Armenian medieval universities which subsidized to the education of science, religion and philosophy; reproduction of books and development of miniature painting. Scholars of Tatev University funded to the preservation of Armenian culture and creed during one of its most stormy periods in its history.
Armenia is a Parliamentary Republic with a presidential form of government. The Structure of the Republic of Armenia was approved through a national referendum on July, 1995. The President, directed by the Constitution, controls the legislative, executive and juridical branches of power to ensure their usual and actual work. The President is also the leader-in-chief of the armed forces and the guarantor of the country's independence, territorial integrity and confidence.
Tsaghkadzor is a spa town and a popular health resort in Armenia situated north of Hrazdan in the Kotayk Province. The population of 1,600 in 2009, is a decline of more than half of the 3,400 stated in the 1989 census.Tsaghkadzor means valley of flowers in Armenian. The city is located 50 kilometers north of Yerevan, on the southeastern slope of Teghenis Mountains, at a height of 1750 meters above sea level, surrounded with alpine meadows. Tsaghkadzor is a fast developing winter resort that interests hundreds of ski and snowboard enthusiasts from around the world. Many people choose this undiscovered destination to combine their snow experience with an extraordinary experience of exploring the country in the wintertime. The best months for skiing and snowboarding are normally February and March. Usually, snow cover is good from January to mid-April.
The national flag of Armenia the Armenian Tricolour (known in Armenian as Yerrak'ouyn), consists of three horizontal bands of equal width, red on the top, blue in the middle, and orange (also described as "colour of apricot") on the bottom. The Armenian Supreme Soviet adopted the current flag on 24 August 1990. On 15 June 2006, the Law on the National Flag of Armenia, governing its usage, was passed by the National Assembly of Armenia.
The Armenia has straight air connection with a number of countries in Europe, Asia, the Middle East . The flights control out of the international airport Zvartnots, equipped with the required facilities.
Armenian national currency, the Dram, was announced in November 1993. There are banknotes of 500, 1000, 5000, 20000, 50000 Dram value. There are also coins of 10, 50, 100, 200, 500 Dram denomination.
Holidays & Memorial Days
December 31, January 1 and 2 - New Year
The country code is 374 + the city code (10 for Yerevan). Outgoing international calls can be complete by dialing 00, followed by the country code and the number, or by collation an operator-assisted call through dialing 107.
GMT + 4 hours
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